Before buying a drone, there are certain aspects that you should pay attention to. But what are they? What types of drones are there? And which one should you choose? We talk about all those factors that you should consider to make a purchase decision.
One of the main doubts that arise when we start in the world of drones, is in which areas your flight is allowed and where to consult this information. Knowing it is an important issue, since if we fly in prohibited areas we risk large fines, and most importantly, putting the safety of third parties and our own at risk.
We have to be clear that airspace has divisions and subdivisions. First of all, ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) divides the world into 9 flight information regions or FIRs (Flight Information Region):
In addition, vertically there are two divisions.
- FIR (Flight Information Region): Flight information region. Its range of action expands from 0 to 24,000 feet.
- UIR (Upper Information Region): Upper flight information region. Its range of action expands from 24,000 feet.
We will be able to fly our drone in the FIR. However, all the airspace included in a UIR is considered as controlled airspace, although in this case, we don’t care a bit because by law we are only going to be able to fly the drone at a maximum height of 120 meters, and the UIR is found much higher.
We already know the air spaces in which we can fly, but we have not finished yet, since within these spaces there may be certain areas in which, due to the activities that take place within them (military zones, protected natural areas, high-security facilities, etc) it can be dangerous to enter with drones.
These zones according to their activity are classified as (P) Prohibited, (D) Dangerous-Dangerous, (R) Restricted and (TSA) Temporarily Segregated Areas.
Features that you should take into account before buying a drone
What sizes are there?
When buying a drone, size is one of the main aspects that you should take into account. You can choose between:
- Nano drones, the smallest. To give you an idea, we could compare them to a large insect.
- Minidrones, which are slightly larger but do not reach two meters.
- Medium drones.
- Large drones. These are usually reserved for surveillance or even military-related uses.
How long can your drone fly?
Before buying a drone, you must know that they usually have a range of 10 to 25 minutes. Depending on the model and whether or not you use the camera, your drone will have more or less autonomy. Regarding the charging time, the average goes from half an hour to an hour; however, some drones can take longer.
How will you control the flight?
When it comes to controlling your drone, you have several options depending on your equipment:
- Radio control
- Control by smartphone or tablet
- Control by FPV system, that is, with a first-person vision
What features does the camera have?
You must pay attention to the quality of the camera, especially if you are going to use it to take aerial photographs or videos.
Check the resolution of the image and whether or not you can control the camera from the controller. Another important point is to know if the image will be broadcast live to your smartphone via Wi-Fi.
Think exactly what your needs are going to be and make a decision accordingly.
What is the availability to get spare parts?
Is it easy to get spare parts? Although the idea is to keep the originals in good condition, the need to make a change can always arise. In this case, the availability of these elements is an aspect that you should take into account.
So now you know, always fly responsibly and in compliance with the regulations.